Peru Day Two: Sacsayhuaman Ruin

The ruin of Sacsayhuaman (pronounced “sexy woman” by the locals so that they remember how to say it) is located a short walk into the hills surrounding Cusco city. In fact, some of the best possible views overlooking Cusco are seen from inside the walls of Sacsayhuaman.

To this day, scientists debate about what the Sacsayhuaman ruin was. One side argues that it was an Inca fortress designed to protect the city of Cusco below, while others say that it was a temple used to worship thunder and lightning. From afar, the outer walls of Sacsayhuaman almost look straight, yet when you get in close (as depicted below) it is easy to see the jagged shape of the wall as the stone moves inward and then back outward. One scientific theory for this design is that the jagged wall helped to disperse the enemy attacking force, while the other theory is that it was simply built to resemble the shape of a lightning bolt. Today, the general consensus amongst the local people is that it was an Inca temple to worship thunder and lightning, but when the Spanish came and invaded the temple, they turned it into a fortress.

Despite the arguments about its use, scientists do agree on one thing: Sacsayhuaman’s construction is breathtaking. Many of the stones used to build the outer wall weight up to 128 tons and would have had to have been cut from the mountainside, dragged by ropes, or rolled over logs, in order to be shaped to fit like a puzzle (as depicted below) with the other rocks used to construct the wall. Back then, no mortar was used to hold these walls together. Yet they are carved so perfectly together that, in most places not even a single piece of paper can fit inside the crack between them. Furthermore, the Incas were smart enough to figure out that if they rounded the corners of the stone, and used the least amount of right angles as possible when fitting the stones together, their walls would become earthquake-proof, which are apparently quite abundant in Peru.


It’s hard to believe that a civilization as ancient as the Incas were able to build such a place out of such massive and seemingly immovable stone; which is why some people even carry the theory that they had extraterrestrial help… but that’s a story for another day.

For now, let me leave you with one last image of myself, as a way to show how massive these stones really are. Keep in mind, I’m 6ft 4in tall, and these rocks are limestone.

All information gathered in this article sourced from local Sacsayhuaman tour guides.

Coming next: Inca Trail Day 1: “Training Day”


Author: Nathan Bush Wedding Photography

My name is Nathan Bush and I am a loving husband, an avid world traveler, an adventurer, and an off-road and Jeep enthusiast. I began my serious journey into photography in the mountains of Patagonia Argentina where I fell in love with the wilderness world. My passion has taken me to Iceland, Alaska, Peru, Argentina, Belgium, the Netherlands, and countless National Parks.  A good friend once told me I should combine my knack for beautiful landscape photography with capturing the details of their wedding, so I decided to dive right into the challenge. It has been quite a ride from there, and thus today, my passion for photography has evolved to capturing the raw candid emotion and intimate moments involved in wedding photography.

12 thoughts on “Peru Day Two: Sacsayhuaman Ruin”

  1. I’m constantly amazed at what these ancient civilizations were able to perform with the “technology” of the day. Of course a little help from the aliens doesn’t hurt… 🙂

    1. Yeah, it was easy enough to teleport those rocks from the mountainside into place on top of each other like that, I’m sure.

      But I hear you, its absolutely incredible to think of the man power, and amount of time required to complete such a task.

    1. Hi thejourneyingengineer, thanks for the question! That depends, are you talking about intercity travel, or simply getting around Lima or Cusco? There are of course many many taxis driving around at all times that you could take (although in Lima a recommend calling a taxi instead of hailing one off the street for safety reasons) You can also walk to the budget airline offices and purchase a plane ticket right there to take you to basically any domestic city you want. There are many overnight buses to take as well from a vast amount of companies. Some are more safe and faster than others (like Cruz del Sur which is geared towards tourists) but they are also more expensive. Where if you don’t mind stopping a lot (and possibly riding with crates of chickens) then you can get where you need to go on a budget for sure. Keep in mind that the more popular bus companies do sell-out their tickets during the high-tourist season, so it is recommended to purchase their tickets a day in advance.
      Thanks again for the question! Hope this helps you out,


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